The importance of non-tariff measures for African agricultural and food trade to the EU

Date of Publication: January 2011
This report presents the outcome of a survey-supported study and its statistical analysis, exploring the impact that non-tariff measures (NTMs) have on European-African agriculture and food trade by gaining feedback from relevant stakeholders directly involved in commercial trade.

In this study NTMs are considered to be all policy trade measures that affect trade flows, other than ordinary customs tariffs, and that can potentially have an economic effect on international trade in goods, changing quantities traded, or prices or both. Some of these measures may constitute non-tariff barriers.